Penn State International Law Review

First Paragraph

Trade-secret theft may be "the greatest threat to United States economic competiveness in the global marketplace." By the year 2000, United States companies reported losing over $1 trillion from intellectual-property theft, and that number is growing by an estimated $250 billion each year. Additionally, intellectual property often represents an enterprise's most valuable asset. The rapid growth of the field4 and international policies towards intellectual property over the last two decades underscore its value. Despite international efforts to establish an intellectual-property framework, countries are left to their own devices to enforce the purported international minimum standards