Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after a year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. It is estimated that up to one in eight Canadian couples experience infertility. Thus, for many couples that want to start a family, the dream of having children is not easily realized. Many of these couples turn to assisted reproductive technology (ART), like in vitro fertilization (IVF),4 to increase the probability that they will conceive a child. In fact, the twenty-five IVF centers of Canada experienced life births from 8,278 IVF treatment cycles in 2006.
Porsha L. Cills, Does Donating Sperm Give the Right to Withdraw Consent? The Implications of In Vitro Fertilization in the United Kingdom and Canada, 28 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 111 (2009).