The first Turkish Consumer Protection Law ("CPL") was issued in 1995 by Parliament, triggered by the establishment of a Customs Union between Turkey and the European Union ("EU") in the same year, obliging Turkey to adapt its legislation specifically in the areas of consumer protection, anti-trust law and intellectual property law. Nevertheless, shortly thereafter, reform was needed, due to the European Council's granting Turkey official status as an accession state in 1999. This act obliged Turkey to adopt the entire acquis communautaire. In the area of consumer protection law, the legislature attempted to comply by passing a 2003 revision, which both transformed directives issued in the interim as well as making important changes to the existing law.
Yesim M. Atamer & Hans W. Micklitz, The Implementation of the EU Consumer Protection Directives in Turkey, 27 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 551 (2009).