Recently, several European countries including Austria, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden have taken steps to ban the use of certain chemical plasticizers in children's toys. The bans follow closely on the heels of the results of several tests conducted by various European countries, as well as the environmental group Greenpeace. These tests have indicated that phthalate plasticizers in PVC (polyvinyl chloride or vinyl) plastic toys pose a health risk to small children.
Patrick J. Jennings, Do Chemicals Found in Plastic Toys Pose a Threat to the Children Who Play with Them? The European Community's Attempt to Regulate the Use of Chemical Plasticizers, 18 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 365 (2000).