Due to the internationalization and multinationalization of commercial activities, or the so-called globalization, the movement of services across national borders has become active along with the international movement of people, goods and capital. In light of this, the need for foreign lawyers to perform legal services in countries other than the country in which their qualification was given has also increased. Accordingly, the type of qualification to be recognized and activities permitted to be undertaken by foreign lawyers within each country's borders have become important issues for the legal professions of the world. In considering these issues, we believe that sufficient consideration must be given to the fact that the legal profession, which comprises one arm of a country's judicial system, has the special characteristic of serving the public interest, as well as to the fact that the legal system of each country is founded on the history, culture and economy of that country.
Shigeru Kobori, Presented by the Japan Federation of Bar Associations, 18 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 109 (1999).