Penn State International Law Review

First Paragraph

Since the conclusion in World Trade Organization's Trade (WTO/GATT), there unions for "social clauses" sanctions and fundamental, 1994 of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and has been substantial pressure from in trade agreements, linking trade internationally-recognized workers' rights. Led by the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations ("AFL-CIO"), U.S. unions have agitated for enforceable international labor standards and codes of conduct as a check on the social consequences of economic globalization. Union pressures for trade sanctions have significantly influenced the U.S. congressional debate on trade legislation, including NAFTA and "fast track" authority, as well as negotiations in international trade forums.