For almost all Americans, the threat of injury from an antipersonnel land mine must seem remote. Americans do not fear that they will detonate a mine and blow off a limb when they walk down the street of a city or town in the United States. However, for Marianne Holtz, a former public nurse from Boise, Idaho, the land mine problem is very real. Holtz has worked in refugee camps in Somalia, Sudan, Ruwanda and Zaire. It was in Zaire on a road that was supposed to be safe where a jeep Holtz was traveling in struck a land mine. Holtz lost both legs above the knee. After seven surgeries, Holtz can now walk with a prosthesis for a short period, but is mostly relegated to her wheelchair. Now, Holtz can no longer function as a nurse, and at fifty-eight years old has dedicated her life to educating the public about the horrors of land mines. For this Boise, Idaho woman, the horror is very real.
Craig S. Sharnetzka, The Oslo Land Mine Treaty and an Analysis of the United States Decision Not to Sign, 16 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 661 (1998).