Penn State International Law Review

First Paragraph

Does the end ever justify the means? This question confronts and haunts the student of modem terrorism and revolution. In the first part of this century, Mahatma Gandhi, leading India in a nonviolent struggle against British imperial rule, argued eloquently that violent means are never justifiable, no matter how noble the end. He convinced Indians to struggle for independence non-violently on the basis that "[t]ruth never damages a cause that is just." Leading this unique revolution, Gandhi provided a moral foundation for dissent by insisting that the methodology to be pursued in fighting injustice be as pure as the goal to be reached.