The lifting of the U.S. trade embargo against Viet Nam on February 3, 1994 was viewed as an economic bonanza to innumerable U.S. companies because of the investment and export opportunities that became available. However, numerous legal ramifications exist in light of these recent developments. These ramifications include trademark piracy and counterfeiting which are being conducted by pirates who have left China for new opportunities in Viet Nam.
Graziella M. Sarno, Viet Nam or Bust: Why Trademark Pirates are Leaving China for Better Opportunities in Viet Nam, 14 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 291 (1996).