In the years since the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) was first identified as the virus causing Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), HIV has evolved from a little known virus into a global pandemic crippling the world with fear. In the early 1980s, the world gave little attention to the first cases of AIDS, cases primarily affecting young, gay males. Ultimately, however, as the number of AIDS cases increased and HIV began to spread beyond the homosexual community, the public was forced to acknowledge AIDS as a serious communicabje disease.
Cindy P. Nelson, An Unnecessary Sacrifice: Restrictions on the Right of Freedom of Movement in an Effort to Establish an Effective Global AIDS Policy, 13 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 177 (1994).