The atrocities that took place during the first part of the 20th century shocked the world into creating a body of international human rights law. The human rights violations of World War II made it clear that international cooperation and unity was necessary to improve the conditions that existed around the world. Europe's response to these indignities was to form the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms [hereinafter Convention]. The Convention, drafted by the Council of Europe in 1949-1950, established not only the most successful system for protection of human rights, but also one of the most advanced forms of international legal process .
Kathleen M. McCauley, Women on the European Commission and Court of Human Rights: Would Equal Representation Provide More Effective Remedies?, 13 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 151 (1994).