The United Nations (UN) arose from the dust and debris of World War II. The victorious Allies formed this organization to promote peace and to protect the world from the devastation of another such war. Its principal organs are the General Assembly, the International Court of Justice, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the Secretariat, and the Security Council. Of the six, it is the Security Council that has the primary responsibility for maintaining peace and security,2 making membership highly prized.
Michelle D. Smith, Expanding Permanent Membership in the UN Security Council: Opening a Pandora's Box or Needed Change?, 12 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 173 (1993).