A new Criminal Procedure Code became effective in Italy on October 24, 1989. It makes many significant changes in Italian criminal procedure by incorporating some basic features of the "adversarial" system on which the United States and other common law criminal justice systems are based. To explain the impact of these changes, Part II of this article describes the pre-October 24, 1989 Italian criminal procedure which was similar to "inquisitorial" systems that continue to be used in most European civil law countries. Part III then analyzes the basic changes made by the new Code. Special issues raised by the adoption of the new system are thereafter addressed.
Louis F. Del Duca, An Historic Convergence of Civil and Common Law Systems-Italy's New "Adversarial" Criminal Procedure System, 10 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 73 (1991).