The Role of the Courts: Judicial Review of Arbitral Awards and Mediated Settlement Agreements
Ask any law student who has taken a mediation or ADR course to describe mediation and its benefits. They most likely would inform you that mediation is a voluntary process based on party self-determination. Mutually satisfactory solutions are possible, individual interests and personal needs are met, and adversarial encounters are avoided. They might also add that studies report a high degree of party satisfaction with the mediation process and compliance with mediated agreements.
Jacqueline M. Nolan-Haley, Judicial Review of Mediated Settlement Agreements: Improving Mediation with Consent, 5 Y.B. Arb. & Mediation 152 (2013).