War and conflict have existed as long as humanity. Sometimes these conflicts can be solved with words. Unfortunately, many others are solved with weapons. With the rise of modern technology in the 20th century, the world has become smaller than ever. Humans can instantaneously communicate with one another across the planet. Economies are increasingly dependent on international trade and cooperation. Nation states have vested political interests in their neoghbors and trading partners. Interconnectivity has made it more important than ever for conflicts to be resolved as quickly and painlessly as possible. The less a conflict costs, both economically and socially, the better for everyone involved. One method to limit these costs is international mediation. International powers and organizations have increasingly been using mediation as a means to resolve a wide range of disputes.
Garret Brouwer, The Go-Between: Jan Eliasson and the Styles of Mediation, 3 464 (2011).