In this era of increasing technology, the world is becoming a much smaller place. Coastal countries react to security threats by expanding their jurisdiction and authority.2 Today, terrorists and other criminals have the potential to possess the same economic and technological resources as national governments do. Terrorists have access to an ever expanding pool of resources, including maritime vessels and the sea itself, with which to attack enemy countries.
Christopher Shiraldi, U.S. National Security Implications of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea, 27 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 519 (2008).