All the ingredients required to produce highly profitable illicit drugs can be found in Latin America. Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia provide the coca plantations. Chemicals come from Brazil. And the powerful organisations and their laboratories are in Colombia. In the narcotics context, there is not a great difference between countries: practically all the countries of Latin American are involved in some way, in some scale. Each country participates with its specific contribution: from production, to transformation, to processing and, finally, distribution. Latin America is a melting pot for organisations such as the Cartels, Italian and United States Mafia, Lebaneses and Nigerian syndicates and even newcomers from Eastern Europe.
Olukonyinsola Ajayi, Drugs and Corruption in Latin America, 15 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 533 (1997).