On August 2, 1990, Iraqi troops crossed the southern border of Iraq and entered Kuwait, engaging in what President Bush later called, "a blatant use of military aggression." The invasion was the result of a two-week long impasse in talks between the two countries concerning border, oil, and debt disputes. While the leaders of the world were condemning the Iraqi President, Saddam Hussein, and passing provisions for economic sanctions, Iraqi soldiers were quickly invading the Kuwaiti oilfields. Little did the world know that Hussein would target not only the Kuwaiti resistance and the international forces which would eventually challenge him; he would also target the environment of the Gulf region.
Marc A. Ross, Environmental Warfare and the Persian Gulf War: Possible Remedies to Combat Intentional Destruction of the Environment, 10 Penn St. Int'l L. Rev. 515 (1992).